2022-Filipinos are buying books to preserve the truth about the Marcos regime


The frenzy to purchase books documenting Marcos’ harmful 21-year reign comes as his son, Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr., assumes workplace after a landslide election victory in Might.

Marcos Jr. has by no means publicly acknowledged or apologized for the human rights abuses, corruption and theft that historians say happened underneath his father’s management.

And there are fears that now he’s in energy, he’ll attempt to rewrite historical past.

Journalist Raissa Robles, the writer of “Marcos Martial Regulation: By no means Once more,” stated after Marcos Jr.’s win she obtained emails from readers everywhere in the world with requests to reprint the detailed dive on the victims of martial regulation.

“The guide worth had almost doubled and but the folks have been shopping for the guide by batches. They weren’t simply shopping for one or two. They have been shopping for 5 or 10 at a time,” Robles stated.

Author Raissa Robles saw a surge of interest in her book about the Marcos regime.

The principle trigger for concern got here from the president himself.

Again in 2020, when Marcos Jr. was getting ready to run for president, he made clear a desire to revise textbooks that documented his mum or dad’s corrupt and brutal regime.

“We’ve been calling for that for years,” Marco Jr. stated in a discussion board hosted by the Nationwide Press Membership, as he accused these in energy since his father’s demise of “instructing kids lies.”

Human rights teams say in the course of the Marcos regime from 1965 to 1986 tens of 1000’s of individuals have been imprisoned, tortured or killed for perceived or actual criticism of the federal government. Marcos Sr., who died in exile in 1989, and his spouse, Imelda, 93, have been additionally discovered responsible of widespread corruption together with stealing an estimated $10 billion of public cash.

The household has repeatedly denied utilizing state funds for his or her private use — a declare challenged in a number of courtroom circumstances.

CNN reached out to the brand new Marcos authorities for remark however has not obtained a response.

Demand surges for books on the Marcos regime

Marcos Jr. has beforehand requested “the world” to evaluate him by his actions, not by his household’s previous. However throughout his inauguration speech on June 30, he praised his father, the late dictator, saying he had achieved rather more than earlier administrations since gaining independence in 1946.

“He acquired it carried out. Generally with wanted help, typically with out. So will it’s together with his son — you’re going to get no excuses from me,” he stated.

During his speech, he additionally touched on the difficulty of revising studying supplies in faculties, however stated he wasn’t speaking about historical past.
Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos Jr. takes the oath as the new President of the Philippines on June 30, 2022.

“What we educate in our faculties, the supplies used, should be retaught. I’m not speaking about historical past, I’m speaking in regards to the fundamentals, the sciences, sharpening theoretical aptitude and imparting vocational expertise,” he stated.

However these assurances ring hole for individuals who suffered underneath his father’s dictatorship, and others who’re skeptical of the brand new Marcos management.

One indication of that’s by guide gross sales.

Almira Manduriao, head of promoting on the Ateneo de Manila College’s publishing press, stated the push for Philippine historical past books started quickly after Marcos Jr. gained the Might 9 election.

“Folks have been immediately fearful that literature important of the dictatorship could be banned,” Manduriao stated. “Therefore, the necessity to purchase and safeguard the books (when) they nonetheless can.”

A minimum of 10 titles masking martial regulation and the darkish previous of the Marcos dictatorship stay bought out on the college press, based on Manduriao.

A few of the bestsellers on the campus bookshop have been in reprint — particularly “Some Are Smarter than Others: The Historical past of Marcos’ Crony Capitalism” by Ricardo Manapat, “The Conjugal Dictatorship of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos” by Primitivo Mijares and “Canal de la Reina” by Liwayway Arceo Bautista.

The book 'Some Are Smarter than Others: The History of Marcos' Crony Capitalism' by Ricardo Manapat is among the popular titles at the Ateneo de Manila University Press.
On Might 11, Adarna Home, a publishing home based by Philippine artist Virgilo Almario, provided a 20% low cost on a #NeverAgain Bundle of 5 guide titles in regards to the Marcos regime.

Within the days that adopted, gross sales went by the roof and the pre-order waitlist grew, and the corporate introduced it would take as a lot as eight weeks for orders to be delivered.

The supply was successful with prospects, however it additionally attracted the eye of the federal government.

Alex Paul Monteagudo, director basic of the Nationwide Intelligence Coordinating Company, accused Adarna Home of “radicalizing Filipino kids.”

“The Adarna Publishing Home printed these books and they’re now on sale to subtly radicalize the Filipino kids towards our authorities, now!” he wrote on his official Fb web page on Might 17.

Monteagudo stated within the publish that when subjects corresponding to martial regulation and the Folks Energy revolution — a nationwide rebellion that overthrew the Marcos regime in 1986 — are taught in faculties, it would “plant seeds of hatred and dissent within the minds of those kids.”

The People Power revolution ousted dictator Ferdinand Marcos Sr. in 1986.

Adarna Home declined CNN’s request for touch upon the claims.

One in all Adarna’s prospects, Vanessa Louie Cabacungan-Samaniego, who lives and works in Hong Kong, put in a bunch order for round a dozen Filipinos within the metropolis for books on the Marcos dictatorship.

She informed CNN she worries the election will enable the Marcos political clan to “work to clear their title and revise historical past books or goal the media.”

“Shopping for books to coach ourselves and the following era is simply our small approach to battle towards injustices,” she stated, when the primary batch of orders was delivered in June.

Preserving the reality

In recent times, politicians and authorities officers have demonized publishers and journalists, denouncing their credibility on social media and in public statements.

The day earlier than Marcos Jr. took workplace, Nobel laureate Maria Ressa stated the federal government had ordered her information group, Rappler, to close down.
She stated she’d been repeatedly harassed over the previous six years and focused by authorized motion over alleged libel, tax evasion and violation of foreign media ownership rules.

“That is intimidation. These are political ways. We refuse to succumb to them,” she stated.

Maria Ressa, journalist, at the Deutsche Welle Global Media Forum in Bonn, Germany, in June 2022.

Michael Pante, a historical past professor on the Ateneo de Manila College, stated he feared Marcos Jr. would proceed former President Rodrigo Duterte’s marketing campaign to delegitimize the work of historians, teachers and journalists — and doubtlessly transfer to rewrite historical past books.

Reporters With out Borders stated that since Duterte’s election in 2016, media have been subjected to verbal and judicial intimidation for work deemed overly important of the federal government.

“The demonization of historians, teachers (and journalists) will proceed,” Pante stated. “And the dismissive perspective (towards them) shall be sufficient to generate concern of talking up and getting arrested or censored.

Filipino archivist Carmelo Crisanto, who leads the Human Rights Violations Victims’ Memorial Commission, is racing to digitize case recordsdata and testimonies of 11,103 survivors of the dictatorship, in time for the fiftieth anniversary of the declaration of martial regulation in September.
Filipino archivist Carmelo Crisanto, who runs the Human Rights Violations Victims' Memorial Commission, is hoping to digitize the account of martial law survivors. (Source: Human Rights Violations Victims's Memorial Museum)

He fears that if the tales of martial regulation survivors are forgotten, folks shall be as soon as once more inclined to political violence.

His staff of about 30 folks plus 1,500 college scholar volunteers — most of them are half his age and haven’t lived by martial regulation themselves — was chosen to guard the reality for the following era.

“I wish to have a part of this digital archive out there to the general public, in a method that (could be) simply accessible, to be despatched to high schools right here within the nation and in addition some associate establishments overseas, in order that the reminiscence and proof won’t ever be misplaced,” he stated.

“If there’s one lesson state authorities discovered from the martial regulation interval, it is that nobody (has to) go to jail, even when they commit gross human rights violations,” he stated.

Robles, the writer, stated folks had informed her they wished to offer copies of her books to relations, whereas others wished to stash away a provide in case the brand new authorities bans reprints.

“They stated they wish to disguise it in order that after the Marcos presidency, then they’ll deliver it out and maintain the reminiscence alive,” she stated.

Robles stated she is decided to maintain writing and critiquing the nation’s political panorama, regardless of fears of censorship — however she admits, “I am not simply afraid of censorship, I am afraid of being arrested.”


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