2022-Climate crisis: This nation is scorching in a heat wave and wildfires, yet it’s returning to planet-baking coal


Mitsaris, whose father additionally labored in coal mining, purchased 44 acres of winery. However he is now questioning if he made the proper alternative — coal right here is refusing to stop.

“I am afraid in regards to the future,” he mentioned. “I’ve two younger daughters to deliver up.”

Only a 12 months in the past, Greece was assured it may shut all present coal-burning vegetation by 2023. It deliberate to construct one final coal plant this 12 months within the wider area the place Mitsaris lives, Western Macedonia, which generates greater than half the nation’s electrical energy. The brand new plant, Ptolemaida 5, would in 2025 then run on pure gasoline, one other polluting fossil gas, however one that’s typically much less carbon-intensive than the lignite, or brown coal, discovered on this a part of Greece.

That entire timeline is now up in smoke.

Greece battles fire that forced hundreds to evacuate on island of Lesbos
The deadline to finish using coal in all present vegetation has been delayed from 2023 to 2025, and Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis not too long ago recommended the brand new Ptolemaida plant will realistically must burn coal till a minimum of 2028. And Greece is planning to hike its coal mining output by 50% over the following two years to make up for the dearth of pure gasoline, as Vladimir Putin tightens the faucets flowing to the EU.

Already the adjustments are obvious. In June 2021, coal generated 253.9 gigawatt hours (GWh) of electrical energy. This June, coal was accountable for 468.1 GWh, practically twice as a lot.

And that is whereas the nation has been battling wildfires on the mainland and its islands, fueled by a scorching warmth wave supercharged by local weather change — which comes principally from people’ burning of fossil fuels like coal. The fires have left houses in ashes, individuals have been rescued from seashores and enterprise homeowners on islands like Lesbos are dealing with an economically painful vacation season.

Dimitris Matisaris' father, a retired PPC worker, fills a bottle of wine at his son's winery.

Main life selections, like the place to reside and work, are troublesome to make when the federal government’s plans preserve altering. For Mitsaris, leaving his village the place he was born and raised is not an choice proper now.

“My spouse used to work in a dairy manufacturing unit, which additionally closed few years in the past. They provided her a job in Athens however again then my wage was sufficient to help the entire household, so we determined to remain,” he mentioned. “If I knew that we’d find yourself within the state of affairs we at the moment are, I might have gone to Athens again then.”

The Greek authorities is making an attempt to persuade those who its return to coal is barely momentary. However coal’s resurgence is tempting individuals in Western Macedonia again into the trade.

The PPC power firm has provided regular employment to 1000’s of individuals in Western Macedonia, the place virtually 1 in 5 are jobless.

Right here — the place everybody refers to coal as a “blessing and a curse” — a return to the fossil gas could make all of the distinction between staying and leaving.

Already, so many have left for greater cities, and even moved overseas, to seek out new lives.

A village in decay

By way of the transition away from coal, Greece had been one thing of successful story. Earlier than Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Greece solely relied on coal for round 9% of its energy supply, down from 25% simply six years in the past. It was the primary nation within the coal-dependent Balkans to announce a near-term goal to finish use of the fossil gas.

However the transition has at all times had its challenges — primarily, what alternatives can the nation supply to former employees in coal cities?

In Western Macedonia — which supplies 80% of Greece’s coal — the PPC has expropriated dozens of villages in order that it may possibly mine the coal beneath them, shifting total communities to the peripheries. They usually have been the fortunate ones.

A general view of the village of Akrini covered by the snow during winter.

Throughout this awkward in-between section — when coal remains to be being mined however its years are numbered — residents within the village of Akrini discover themselves unable to maneuver, whilst every thing round them crumbles.

Residents right here have been in a dispute for greater than a decade with the PPC, saying they’re entitled to compensation that may assist them relocate from the village, which has for years been uncovered to excessive ranges of ash from the coal operations that encompass them. They efficiently lobbied for the proper to be relocated, which is now enshrined in a 2011 regulation.

The PPC instructed CNN in an e mail that it was not accountable for the individuals within the village, and didn’t reply comply with up questions when introduced with the regulation that states they’re entitled to relocation help by 2021.

Charalambos Mouratidis, 26, would not actually know what to do subsequent.

Like Mitsaris, he has sought to make a brand new life after leaving a job with the PPC at a coal mine, the place his father additionally labored. However Mouratidis by no means had the identical form of job safety as his dad. He labored shifts for eight months on a short-term contract cleansing the ash from the equipment contained in the mine. The instability, low pay and the heavy affect of the poisonous ash on his well being pushed him out of the trade.

A general view of the hill where Charalambos Mouratidis' farm is located in Akrini, with a coal plant in the background.

He now runs a cattle farm, which sits on a hill overlooking Akrini as plumes of smoke and steam rise from the chimneys and cooling towers of the coal vegetation throughout it within the background.

On high of his cattle farming, he works a second job for a photo voltaic panel firm, sometimes placing in 13 hours a day between them to make ends meet.

Working for the photo voltaic panel firm is a inexperienced job that gives Mouratidis with some additional revenue. However photo voltaic growth can also be taking over an increasing number of land, leaving much less for cultivation or grazing, so getting permission to broaden farmland in Akrini is close to unimaginable, he mentioned.

Apart from the photo voltaic farms, all different infrastructure initiatives in Akrini have been canceled. The village is being left to slowly die.

“I began farming, hoping to have some form of a extra secure future, and now even that effort is at stake,” Mouratidis mentioned. “Everybody has reached a lifeless finish on this village.”

What comes subsequent

The Greek authorities has devised a 7.5 billion euro ($7.9 billion) plan to assist the nation rework from a fossil fuel-based economic system to a inexperienced progressive nation. Its Simply Transition Improvement Plan, as these are identified throughout the European Union, has acquired 1.63 billon euros in EU funding.

Western Macedonia is a spotlight within the plan and may obtain loads of the cash, partly to turn out to be a middle for renewables within the nation. And whereas the plan is welcomed by lots of people right here, many doubt it may possibly all be achieved within the six years earlier than the final coal plant is to go offline.

Mouratidis is skeptical the cash will assist him in any respect.

The exterior of Charalambos Mouratidis' farm in Akrini.

“I am undecided that a lot of it would attain individuals like me, who run small companies. Some cash will find yourself with those who brazenly help the present authorities and the vast majority of it would stick with those that handle these funds,” he mentioned. “That is what historical past has proven us. Even throughout Covid-19, the help given to massive corporations and companies was a lot increased than the help we bought.”

However not all hope is misplaced. As many employees flip from coal to agriculture, some EU help is trickling by way of. Just some kilometers from Akrini, Nikos Koltsidas and Stathis Paschalidis are attempting to create sustainable options for many who have misplaced their jobs within the inexperienced transition, and who’re keen to get entangled with sheep and goat farming.

By way of their “Proud Farm” initiative, they act as incubators for Greeks who wish to farm in sustainable methods, providing them entry to coaching and information across the latest applied sciences out there to them.
Nikos Koltsidas and Stathis Paschalidis, founders of "Proud Farm Group of Farmers" initiative.

“We wish to create a community of self-sustainable farms, with respect to the setting and the animals, which is able to demand very low capital from new farmers,” Paschalidis mentioned, his sheep bleating within the background.

Koltsidas mentioned he wished to unfold the phrase to the native inhabitants that farming is not what it was once, and may present a secure future. “It would not require the hassle it did previously, the place the farmer needed to be on the farm the entire day, grazing the animals or milking them with their fingers,” he mentioned.

“To these enthusiastic about going again to working in coal, they need to have a look at all of the areas which are thriving with out it,” he mentioned. “There is not any want to remain caught in these outdated fashions of the PPC.”


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